Blood Moon on July 27: longest total lunar eclipse of the century

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The eclipse will be visible from Europe, Africa and the Middle East between sunset and midnight on July 27 and then between midnight and sunrise on July 28 in much of Asia and Australia.

During the eclipse, the Earth, sun and moon will be in a single line, with the Earth in between the sun and the moon.

We will note, what exactly thanks to breaking during a full lunar Eclipse, the moon turns red. Earth's atmosphere bends and focuses the sun's light into a glowing, cone-shaped shadow - the umbra.

"It is a very unusual coincidence to have a total lunar eclipse and Mars at opposition on the same night", said Robert Massey, deputy executive director of the Royal Astronomical Society, who will try to watch the eclipse from the Mediterranean Sea.

The last time the Red Planet was bigger and brighter than this was in 2003, when the distance between Mars and the Earth closed to less than 56 million kilometres.

This is sometimes referred to as a 'micromoon, ' and is the opposite of the well-known supermoon, or perigee (when the moon is at its closest to Earth).

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Lunar eclipses typically occur only during a full moon, however on this instance the moon will be in flawless alignment with the sun and earth, also known as the blood moon. That's why lunar eclipses are also called blood moons. Here are the most important factors to note about the Lunar eclipse on July 27. That means "the moon will come inside the shadow of the Earth and will stop receiving the light from the sun", Diego adds. The longest total lunar eclipse of the last century was on July 16, 2000 and lasted for 1 hour and 46.4 minutes, according to EarthSky.

"The total Eclipse will last for about 1 hour and 43 minutes, making it the longest total Lunar Eclipse of the 21st century".

Schulze-Makuch notes that finding if life on the Moon arose on the Moon itself or was transported from somewhere else "can only be addressed by an aggressive future program of lunar exploration". According to NASA, that should happen at 17:14 Universal Time on July 27. During the moon's orbit, it will pass into the shadow of the earth. Many parts of the world were able to see the super blue blood moon. The rare event was seen in different parts of the world. During Friday's eclipse, the moon will be passing nearly directly through the middle of the shadow, maximizing the time that moon spends in darkness.

A study published Monday in the journal Astrobiology cites two time periods during the moon's distant past when conditions on the surface were potentially habitable.

Mars is at its closest to Earth in its 35-year cycle, and is the closest it's been since the early 00s, and it won't be brighter or closer to Earth again until 2035. The eclipse will continue till 4:58am though the effect will not look as great. The occurrence of eclipse does not happen every time the moon orbits the earth. There will be a total lunar eclipse January 20 to 21.

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