Reported STDs Reach Record High in California

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Last year, Californians were behind 300,000 cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), according to the California Department of Public Health.

"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said CDPH Director and State Public Health Officer Dr. Karen Smith. The officials also say that getting regular STD testing is significant as many people who get infected have no idea about it.

Therefore, in order to educate people and spread awareness about the alarming risks of STD, the health officials are now working with schools, community groups as well as youth organisations across California.

More than 300,000 cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and early syphilis were reported in the state-up 45 percent since 2013, according to the California Department of Public Health.

Chlamydia can be transmitted by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex, affecting both men and women.

Chlamydia can damage the female reproductive system, reducing or completely blocking their ability to get pregnant in the future.

The report said that people who are under the age of 30 are the ones who suffer with chlamydia and gonorrhoea.

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The state recorded the highest number of chlamydia cases since reporting started in 1990, the agency said.

Rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea are highest in people ue younger than 30-year-old.

Chlamydia cases have reached the highest number in almost three decades, with 218,710 new cases reported past year. Young women made up the majority of chlamydia cases; men accounted for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases.

Syphilis is categorized as primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary- and each stage has different signs and symptoms. It can occur after direct contact with a syphilis sore during sexual intercourse.

Kern County has the second highest number of babies born with congenital syphilis, according to the data.

Reported instances of syphilis also increased.

Early syphilis cases rose 20 percent between 2016 and 2017. With 13,605 recorded cases, early syphilis reached its highest rate since 1987.