The protests initiated by opposition leader Navalny, who was detained nearly immediately after the appearance at the rally, but later released until the hearing.
The court heard testimony from one of the police officers who detained Navalny who said the group of 15 police had been authorised to use physical force.
Navalny was one of more than 1,600 people detained by police during demonstrations ahead of Putin's inauguration at Pushkinskaya Square in Moscow on May 5, but was released the next day.
The police officer said Navalny ignored megaphone warnings that the protest was illegal.
Organized under the slogan "He is not our Tsar!" the anti-Vladimir Putin protests resulted in hundreds of arrests around the country.
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Putin, 65, won re-election overwhelmingly in March, extending his grip over Russian Federation for six more years - a tenure of 24 years that would make him Moscow's longest-serving leader since Soviet dictator Josef Stalin.
The court is also expected rule in a second administrative case in which Navalny is accused of refusing to comply with police.
Navalny had previously been detained in January after joining a rally calling for a boycott of the presidential election. "On the basis of provisions of the Russian Code on Administrative Offences and the Supreme Court's clarifications, the enforcement of arrest begins on the day the relevant ruling is handed down".
About it Navalny wrote on Twitter.