As the Kremlin press office reports, the leaders exchanged views on the situation after the United States and its allies' missile strike in the Syrian territory.
Presidents of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Russian Federation had a conversation on the telephone and discussed the latest worldwide and regional issues, as well as the Syrian situation and how to develop bilateral Tehran-Moscow cooperation and relations.
Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Sunday more Western attacks on Syria would bring chaos to world affairs, and Washington prepared to increase pressure on Russia with new economic sanctions.
The conversation came after Putin and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan agreed during a phone call on Saturday to make efforts to find a political solution in Syria.
Douma, which lies in the eastern Goutha district on the outskirts of the capital, was one of the last bastions near Damascus of rebels fighting to topple Mr Assad, and the alleged attack took place amid a ferocious government offensive.
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"Vladimir Putin, in particular, stressed that if such actions in violation of the UN Charter continue, then it will inevitably lead to chaos in worldwide relations".
The attack of the global coalition in serious damage to the prospects of political settlement of the conflict, said the Russian President, reports the Chronicle.info with reference for Today.
Putin denounced "with the utmost firmness" the strikes which he described as "an act of aggression against a sovereign state which is at the forefront of the fight against terrorism".
USA ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley has said sanctions will be announced on Monday aimed at companies "that were dealing with equipment" related to Bashar al-Assad's alleged chemical weapons use.