PyeongChang 2018: What is the OAR?

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The ruling was announced at a brief news conference Friday morning in PyeongChang, about nine hours before athletes from Russian Federation and around the world were scheduled to march in the Opening Ceremonies.

CAS sec-gen Matthieu Reeb speaks to the media in Geneva January 22, 2018.

"There was no finding that it was carried out in a discriminatory, arbitrary or unfair manner", he said.

"That is great news", said U.S. women's skeleton athlete Katie Uhlaender, who placed fourth in the Sochi Olympics - one spot behind bronze medalist Elena Nikitina, who was one of the 45 appealing her ban. "After Olympic officials finish working through the corrected results, they will award medals to 'retroactive winners from Sochi'".

But the presence of several world championship and Olympic medalists suggests that some will end up on the podium.

Richard Budgett, medical director for the International Olympic Committee, said meldonium was a "special issue" and it seemed that Elistratov took the drug before it was banned at the start of 2016.

The IOC has refused to comment on individual Russian athletes but says it decided who to exclude using a newly obtained Moscow laboratory database with evidence of past doping offenses.

"We are all Russian patriots, all athletes".

The athletes, who were not allowed by the International Olympic Committee to compete at the Games, were also not forgotten.

"We welcome this decision which supports the fight against doping and brings clarity for all athletes". "Just focus on competition now at this point".

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OAR isn't a new country - though it sure looked like it during the Opening Ceremony at the 2018 Winter Olympics.

In December, the IOC made a decision to suspend the ROC from the 2018 Winter Olympic Games over the doping scandal, but allowed clean Russian athletes to compete in uniforms bearing the name "Olympic Athlete from Russia" under the Olympic Flag, with the Olympic anthem to be played in any ceremony instead of the Russian anthem. Once that is out of the way, Russian Federation will be welcomed back into the Olympic movement with open arms.

A total of 389 Russian athletes were initially cleared by a panel, and 169 were later invited to participate in PyeongChang. During the Opening Ceremony, the representatives marched behind the Olympic flag, and whenever they win gold, they'll be serenaded by the Olympic Hymn.

John Coates, the Australian IOC member who also oversees CAS operations, said Tuesday that the 32 had also filed appeals in Swiss courts, but didn't give details. Fifteen other athletes and coaches who recently had their sanctions overturned by CAS also appealed.

"It's reassuring the IOC's decision has been upheld and we can get on with the Games and forget about doping".

The drawn-out decision and lingering uncertainty have drawn scrutiny to almost every stakeholder involved in the process.

Putin added that Russian Federation still needed to continue its fight against doping along with the World Anti-Doping Agency.

Anti-doping officials praised the ruling, which is a heavy blow to Russian medal chances. The World Anti-Doping Agency, the premier worldwide watchdog for monitoring athletes' use of illicit substances, also released a report in December 2016 that found damning evidence that Russian Federation had used tactics like urine sample swapping to mask its athletes' cheating in global sports for years. It's just one step closer to a clean sport. In the end, all but the United States and Canada will have fewer competitors than Russian Federation.

Russian Federation was banned from competing at the 2018 Olympics following a doping scandal back in 2014 at the Sochi Winter Olympics.

The barred Russian athletes, however, are still considering their legal options.