Prez greets nation on eve of Lohri, Makar Sankranti, Pongal

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The day is considered auspicious but there are some facts about the festival which are important to know.

The festival has different names from North to South. Thus, the dates of festivals change every year.

Meanwhile, Pongal is celebrated from January 14 to January 16.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday greeted the nation on the occasion of Makar Sankranti, Pongal, Magh Bihu and Uttarayan, and called for making the society more peaceful and prosperous.

May the Makar Sankranti fire burns all the moments of sadness and brings you warmth of joy, wisdom and love.Have a nice day!

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This holy festival is also known as the phase of transition, as from now onwards days will start becoming longer and nights will become shorter. The main deity who is worshipped during the festival is Lord Indra, who is the God of rain in Hindu mythology. In Gujarat, you can see millions of kites floating in the air on Makar Sankranti.

Makar Sankranti generally marks the beginning of the Kumbh Mela in Uttar Pradesh while in South India, in Kerala, one of the most austere and hard pilgrimages of Shabrimala ends on this auspicious day. People gift the laddoos to each other and say "Til gul ghyaa, god-god bola" (accept this til-gul and speak sweetly).

The word "Sankranti" means the movement of the sun from one zodiac sign to another, so indicating the start of the sun entering Capricorn known as "Makar" in Indian.

Just like Holi is incomplete without gujiya, Makar Sankranti is also incomplete without til (sesame) and gud (jaggery). Thirdly, this is celebration time which is extremely auspicious as per the Hindu calendar.