The dossier to which Trump referred is an opposition research document that was compiled on him during the election, and it includes unverified allegations that the Russian government has compromising personal and financial information about the President.
Lawmakers shot down an amendment proposed by Rep. Justin Amash (R-Mich.) to place new limits on when the government is able to spy on Americans. "The Administration urges the House to reject this amendment and preserve the useful role FISA's Section 702 authority plays in protecting American lives", the White House wrote in a release Wednesday.
Why did Trump's tweets start a Congressional panic?
Critics say the bill actually expands government powers to spy on Americans.
Shortly after, Trump said the bill "is about foreign surveillance of foreign bad guys on foreign land". "And I will do everything I can to fight to make sure that it does not pass, unless we get our reforms attached to the bill".
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I said, 'Will you come back [and reshoot]?' They said, 'Absolutely.' I said, 'For how much?' They said, 'For free.' Everyone came back for nothing.
The tweets complicate what was already a hard road ahead for supporters of the measure, potentially jeopardizing the future of a program that the intelligence community has identified as its most critical national security surveillance tool.
The tweets sent White House aides scrambling to explain the apparent about-face. The NSA and Federal Bureau of Investigation have downplayed their collection and use of the materials on Americans. "I understand its importance to the intelligence agencies", he said.
Nothing about Section 702 poses a genuine privacy threat to Americans.
The House of Representatives voted 256-164 in favour of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Amendments (FISA) Act of 2008, which extends for six years the government's ability collect emails and other communications of foreign targets located outside the United States from American companies. And if the National Security Agency is monitoring a foreigner in a foreign country who communicates with an American, the NSA can vacuum up the American's conversation without asking for authorization from a judge.
The nation's other top intelligence officials past year described Section 702 as their top legislative priority.
"The bill's narrow warrant requirement runs the Fourth Amendment through a fun-house mirror, flipping its intentions and providing protections only after a search has been made", the EFF argued.